Does Jesus fulfill the messianic prophecies?
2) how and what


"It is very pious to say and prudent to affirm that the holy Bible can never speak untruth -- whenever its true meaning is understood. But I believe nobody will deny that it is often very abstruse, and may say things which are quite different from what its bare words signify."

- Galileo Galilei

"Therefore I speak to them in parables; because while seeing they do not see, and while hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand."

- Matthew 13:13 NASB

4.5 How will the Messiah's coming be announced?


See, I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple; the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, will come," says the Lord Almighty. Malachi 3:1 NIV

See, I will send you the prophet Elijah before that great and dreadful day of the Lord comes. He will turn the hearts of the fathers to their children, and the hearts of the children to their fathers... Malachi 4:5,6 NIV


Your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you are to give him the name John... And he will go on before the Lord, in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers to their children and the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteous - to make ready a people prepared for the Lord. Luke 1:13b, 17 NIV

This is the one [John] about whom it is written: "I will send my messenger ahead of you, who will prepare your way before you." ...And if you are willing to accept it, he is the Elijah who was to come." Matthew 11:10, 14 NIV

Jesus replied, "To be sure, Elijah comes and will restore all things. But I tell you, Elijah has already come, and they did not recognize him, but have done to him everything they wished. In the same way the Son of Man is going to suffer at their hands." Then the disciples understood that he was talking to them about John the Baptist. Matthew 17:11-13 NIV

4.6 What qualities will the Messiah possess?


"The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me [Moses] from among your own brothers. You must listen to him." Deuteronomy 18:15 NIV


For Moses said, "The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own people... Indeed, all the prophets from Samuel on, as many as have spoken, have foretold these days. Acts 3:22-24 NIV


'The days are coming,' declares the Lord, 'when I will raise up to David a righteous Branch, a King who will reign wisely and do what is right in the land... This is the name by which he will be called: The Lord Our Righteousness.' Jeremiah 23:5-6 NIV


Jesus said, 'My kingdom is not of this world...' 'You are a king, then!' said Pilate. Jesus answered, 'You are right in saying I am a king. In fact, for this reason I was born, and for this reason I came into the world, to testify to the truth...' John 18:36-37a NIV

It is because of him that you are in Christ Jesus, who has become for us wisdom from God - that is, our righteousness, holiness and redemption. 1 Corinthians 1:30 NIV


You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek. The Lord is at your right hand; Psalm 110:4b-5a NIV


...Jesus, who went before us, has entered on our behalf. He has become a high priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek... Hebrews 6:20b NIV

4.7 What characterizes his life?


He was despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows, and familiar with suffering. Like one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not. Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, yet we considered him stricken by God, smitten by him, and afflicted. Isaiah 53:3-4 NIV


Even after Jesus had done all these miraculous signs in their presence, they still would not believe in him. This was to fulfill the word of Isaiah the prophet... John 12:37-38 NIV

"If the world hates you, keep in mind that it hated me first... He who hates me hates my Father as well. If I had not done among them what no one else did, they would not be guilty of sin. But now they have seen these miracles, and yet they have hated both me and my Father. But this is to fulfill what is written in their Law..." John 15:18,23-25a NIV

4.8 What characterizes his death?


But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed. We all like sheep have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all. He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth. By oppression and judgment he was taken away. And who can speak of his descendants? For he was cut off from the land of the living; for the transgression of my people he was stricken. He was assigned a grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death, though he had done no violence, nor was any deceit in his mouth. Isaiah 53:5-9 NIV

All who see me mock me; they hurl insults, shaking their heads: "He trusts in the Lord; let the Lord rescue him. Let him deliver him, since he delights in him." ...I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint. My heart has turned to wax; it has melted away within me. My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth; you lay me in the dust of death. Dogs have surrounded me; a band of evil men has encircled me, they have pierced my hands and my feet. I can count all my bones; people stare and gloat over me. They divide my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing. Psalm 22:7-8, 14-18 NIV


The chief priests accused him of many things. So again Pilate asked him, "Aren't you going to answer? See how many things they are accusing you of." But Jesus still made no reply, and Pilate was amazed... Again and again they struck him on the head with a staff and spit on him. Falling on their knees, they paid homage to him. And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple robe and put his own clothes on him. Then they led him out to crucify him. They brought Jesus to the place called Golgotha (which means The Place of the Skull). Then they offered him wine mixed with myrrh, but he did not take it. And they crucified him. Dividing up his clothes, they cast lots to see what each would get... They crucified two robbers with him, one on his right and one on his left. And the scripture was fulfilled which says, 'He was counted with the lawless ones'. Those who passed by hurled insults at him, shaking their heads... Mark 15:3-5, 19-24, 27-29a NIV

But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. John 19:32-35a NIV

As evening approached, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who had himself become a disciple of Jesus. Going to Pilate, he asked for Jesus' body, and Pilate ordered that it be given to him. Joseph took the body, wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, and placed it in his own tomb... Matthew 27:57-60 NIV

4.9 What characterizes his resurrection?


Yet it was the Lord's will to crush him and cause him to suffer, and though the Lord makes his life a guilt offering, he will see his offspring and prolong his days, and the will of the Lord will prosper in his hand. After the suffering of his soul, he will see the light [of life] and be satisfied; by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities. Therefore I will give him a portion among the great, and he will divide the spoils with the strong, because he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors. Isaiah 53:10-12 NIV

Therefore my heart is glad and my tongue rejoices; my body also will rest secure, because you will not abandon me to the grave, nor will you let your Holy One see decay. Psalm 16:9,10 NIV


From that time on Jesus began to explain to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things at the hands of the elders, chief priests and teachers of the law, and that he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life. Matthew 16:21 NIV

He said to them, "This is what I told you while I was still with you. Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms." ...This is what is written: The Christ will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day,.. You are witnesses of these things." Luke 24:44, 46, 48 NIV

Seeing what was ahead, he spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that he was not abandoned to the grave, nor did his body see decay. God has raised this Jesus to life, and we are all witnesses of the fact. Acts 2:31-32 NIV

For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, and that he appeared to Peter, and then to the Twelve. After that, he appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers at the same time, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep [died]. Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles, and last of all he appeared to me also... 1 Corinthians 15:3-8 NIV



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NEXT: Does Jesus fulfill the messianic prophecies?- part three

See also:

What do we know about Jesus from non-biblical sources?

Isn't one interpretation just as good as the next?

When were the biblical books written?

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In the simplest terms, Jesus either fulfilled all of the O.T. prophecies of the Messiah or he didn't.

This second part concerns prophecies for the Messiah's arrival, life, death, and resurrection.